Precepts in Various World Religions

Ten Precepts of Shinto

1. Do not transgress the will of the gods.
2. Do not forget your obligations to ancestors.
3. Do not offend by violating the degrees of the State.
4. Do not forget the profound goodness of the gods through which calamity and misfortunes are averted and sickness is healed.
5. Do not forget that the world is one great family.
6. Do not forget the limitations of your own person.
7. Do not become angry even though others become angry.
8. Do not be sluggish in your work.
9. Do not bring blame to the teaching.
10. Do not be carried away by foreign teachings.

Ten Precepts (Taosim)

1. Do not kill but always be mindful of the host of living beings
2. Do no be lascivious or think depraved thoughts.
3. Do not steal or receive unrighteous wealth.
4. Do nnot cheat or misrepresent good and evil.
5. Do not get intoxicated but always thing of pure conduct.
6. I will maintain harmony with my ancestors and family and never disregard my kin.
7. When I see someone do a good deed, I will support him with dignity to recover good fortune.
8. When I see someone unfortunate, I will support him with dignity to recover good fortune.
9. When someone comes to do me harm, I will not harbor thoughts of revenge.
10. As long as all beings have not attained the Tao, I will not expect to do so myself.

Buddhism Khuddaka Patha The Ten Charges

1. Refrain from killing living things.
2. Refrain from stealing.
3. Refrain from unchastity.
4. Refrain from lying,
5. Retrain from intoxicants.
6. Refrain from unseasonable meals.
7. Refrain from singing, dancing, playing music or attending entertainment programs (performances)
8. Refrain from wearing perfume, cosmetics and garland (decorative accessories)
9. Refrain from sitting on high chairs and sleeping on luxurious, soft beds.
10. Refrain from accepting money.

Confucian Ethical Teachings
include the following values:

Li: includes ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc.
Hsia0: love within the family: love of parents for their children and of children for their parents
Yi: righteousness
Xin: honesty and trustworthiness
Jen: benevolence, humaneness towards others; the highest Confucian virtue
Chung: loyalty to the state, etc.

Baha'i' from Baha'i Study Center: Beliefs and Practices:
"the teaching of Baha'u'llah reaffirm the moral code of the other religions, condeming acts such as murder, theft, immorality, lying, covetousness, and disrespect for parents. He further forbids backbiting, slander, gambling, arson, assault and tresspass...."

The 5 Pillars of Islam (a summary)

1. Tawheed: To believe in Allah as one God with unmatched power and attributes and to admit to these unmatched powers by submitting to commands of Allah unconditionally.
Tawheed teaches humbleness, philanthropy, piousness, righteousness and doing the right thing and abstaining from all evil and sinful activities.
2. Salah: 5 daily prayers divided evening throughout the day . These prayers prevents sin and disbelief.
3. Zakat: Charity. Charity serves the welfare of citizeness and reduces attachment to material wealth.
4. Sawn: Fasting brings piousness.
5. Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca teaches self control, high morals, humility, modesty, brotherhood, kindness and caring,
and complete submission to the will of Allah through animal sacrifice.

Hinduism The Tenfold Law Laws of Manu 6.92

1. Forgiveness
2. Humility
3. Straightforwardness
4. Purity
5. Truthfulness
6. Self-restraint
7. austerity
8. Renunciation
9.Wisdom
10. Abstention from anger

The Ten Commandments (Judaism)

The Decalogue is given twice, in Exodus and Deuteronomy. (Citations are from both sources.)

  1. "I am the Lord your God you shall not have strange Gods before me" (Ex 20:2-6, Deut 5:6-10)
  2. "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain" (Ex 20:7-8, Deut 5:11-12)
  3. "Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day" (Ex 20:8-11, Deut 5:12-15)
  4. "Honor your father and your mother" (Ex 20:12, Deut 5:16)
  5. "You shall not kill" (Ex 20:13, Deut 5:17)
  6. "You shall not commit adultery" (Ex 20:14, Deut 5:18)
  7. "You shall not steal" (Ex 20:15, Deut 5:19)
  8. "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor" (Ex 20:16, Deut 5:20)
  9. "You shall not covet your neighbor's wife" (Ex 20:17, Deut 5:21)
  10. "You shall not covet your neighbor's goods" (Ex 20:17, Deut 5:21)
The Great Commandment and The Beatitudes (Christianity)

While Jesus emphasized the importance of keeping the Ten Commandments, he summarized the law in what is known as The Great Commandment of love.

Matthew 5:17 (Jesus during the Sermon on the Mount ....) "You must not think I have come to abolish the Law (including the Ten Commandments) or the prophets. I have not come to abolish them but to complete them."

Matthew 22:36-40 - "Master (one of the Sadducees, an expert in the Law, said to Jesus), what are we to consider the Law's greatest commandment?" Jesus answered him, "'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the first and great commandment. And there is a second like it: ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.' The whole of the Law and the Prophets depends on these two commandments."

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When asked, "but who is my neighbor?" Jesus told the parable of the Good Samaritan to show that care and respect are to be given to all persons, not only to the people with whom one's limited sense of self is identified. Luke 10:25-37

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Other words of Jesus also recorded in The Sermon on the Mount clarify the centrality of love of neighbor.

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"You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' But I say to you, Do not resist one who is evil. But if any one strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also; and if any one would sue you and take your coat, let him have your cloak as well; and if any one forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to him who begs from you, and do not refuse him who would borrow from you. You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust." (Matthew 5:38:45 RSV)

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"Do not judge, so that you may not be judged... how can you say to your neighbor, 'Let me take the speck out of your eye,' while the log is in your own eye? First take the log our of your own eye, and you then you will see clearly to take the speck our of your neighbor's eye." from Matt. 7:1-5)

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The 8 Beatitudes, recorded in The Sermon on the Mount:

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"Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.


Blessed are they who mourn,
for they shall be comforted.

Blessed are the meek,
for they shall inherit the earth.

Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
for they shall be satisfied.

Blessed are the merciful,
for they shall obtain mercy.

Blessed are the pure of heart,
for they shall see God.

Blessed are the peacemakers,
for they shall be called children of God.

Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."

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